Thursday 31 May 2012

June 1, 1876 - Daily Spectator

“Last evening , our reporter was driven to the race course, and there conducted through the training stables and shown the stock under Mr. Stinson’s care that are destined to mark on the record of the Canadian turf.”
Hamilton Spectator      June 1, 1876

It was an invitation the Spectator reporter was very pleased to accept, a guided tour of the thoroughbred horse training stables owned by Simon James and managed by Cope Stinson:
“The track is in splendid condition, thanks to the able management of Mr. Cope Stinson, who has it in charge, however the track will never be perfect until a deep drain is built in the inside, which will ensure a good track, in case heavy rains precede the annual meeting. Contracts have been let for a new reporters’ stand in a very convenient position on the grounds. The grandstand and judges’ stand are also to be renovated.
                   PLEASURE DRIVES
Every afternoon, large numbers of gentlemen from the city visit the track in their carriages and drive around the smooth and level track, enjoying the view they get on all sides of good horse flesh. Last evening, at one time, no less than fifteen “flyers” .from the city were kicking up a dust on the track.                       SIMON JAMES’ STABLES
          After leaving the track, our reporter was shown Simon James’ stables where can be seen some of the finest stock in Canada.
                   MODE OF TRAINING
          The mode of training adopted by Simon James and Cope Stinson insures a horse from being hurt while in their charge. They are experienced trainers and drivers, and are thorough judges of horse flesh wherever they see it. Their stables are comfortable and handy, and so constructed that no horse can hurt himself. When a green horse is first put in Stinson’s hands, he is hitched to a “track wagon.” He goes through a course of spurts in this, and when his flesh is hard enough, he goes into the silky.
                   THE SUMMER MEETING
          The prospects for the summer meeting are good. Over one thousand season tickets have been sold already, and sporting men generally take a deeper interest than usual in it. One thing the public can rely on, and that is, that the officers of the Association will make every effort to ensure a successful meeting.

Another Spectator article appeared on June 1, 1876 concerning the Rock Bay pleasure resort at the west end of the bay:
“On Monday night next, there will be a grand summer fete and promenade concert at the Rock Bay Pleasure grounds. Extensive preparations are being made to ensure an enjoyable time for all who attend. There will be a pyrotechnic display under the direction of Professor Hand, and the new Maple Leaf brass band will make their debut. The steamer Transit will commence running from the city at 7 p.m., and continue every half hour until 10 o’clock. Dancing will commence at the end of the fireworks display.”
The last item of note in that day’s Spectator was a reprint of an item from the Dundas Standard concerning the passage of logs through the village on the way to the harbour to be rafted:
“TIMBER AND DUST – Some very large sticks drawn by four or six horses have recently passed through Dundas to the canal. We say four or six because we were unable to make out the number to a certainty on account of the dust, a commodity lately the most abundant and least appreciated in town. Possibly we can manage to pull through without blindness or suffocation, but such a state of things must be pretty trying to the storekeepers.”
The Hamilton police were determined to take the credit for the capture of the Youngs and to that end devised a comprehensive plan:

 "This morning early a body of the city police, with Sergt. McMenemy and the chief at its head, was organized for the purpose of hunting down the escaped murderers, the Youngs. With Sergt. McMenemy and the chief went detective McPherson and a squad of ten constables. This number will be greatly augmented in the country. This idea is to thoroughly search every foot of ground between this city and the Grand River, to enter every house where the Youngs were intimate, and to thoroughly explore every suspicious point. Each man has got his tract of country mapped out for him, and the plan as shown to our reporter is certainly ingenious. The men are thoroughly armed, and are fully prepared for any emergency. Should they come across the Youngs their capture is certain whether they are taken dead or alive. The chief and his officers deserve every credit for this bold move, and it is to be hoped for the safety of the neighbourhood of Cayuga that they will succeed in their intention."

June 1, 1876 - Weekly Times

Thursdays were the day that the Weekly Times was published.
June 1, 1876 was a Thursday and the highlight of the issue was a full summary of the coroner’s inquest sessions investigating the circumstances surrounding the sudden death of Victoria Macrae in the mansion near the intersection of Queen street north and York street,
The Weekly Times summation included many recounts of testimony given and the full text of the Coroner’s charge to the jury.
“The adjourned inquest upon the body of Mrs. Macrae was resumed at seven o’clock on Monday evening.
Mr. Osler, Q.C., appeared for the Crown, and Mr. E. Martin, Q.C., for Mr. Macrae.
Mr. Stuart of the Consolidated Bank of Canada was the first witness called. He produced the ledger and turned to the banking account of the deceased. He said on the 25th of April, the account in our ledger produced shows that Mrs. Macrae had a cheque debited to her account of $134.00; on the same day, Mr. Macrae had the same cheque deposited to his account; there was a transfer of Royal Canadian Bank stock which stood in Mrs. Victoria St. George Macrae’s name of twenty-one shares of the par value f $40 each to J. O. Macrae; the transfer is dated May 9th; the power of attorney was sent from here to Toronto on the 8th May; cannot give the date of the power of attorney; it is now in the head office of the Consolidated Bank f Canada at Toronto.
JAMES HONEYORD, sworn – Am an engine-fitter; live in the lodge at West Lawn, the house occupied by Mr. Macrae; have lived there a year and ten months; often saw Mrs. Macrae, but never spoke to her but once.
Mr. Martin objected to the witness being examined with regard to occurrences of a year or two ago.
Mr. Osler said that he intended to cover a period of five years in order to prove habitual ill-treatment.
Witness continued – About five or six weeks before Mrs. Macrae’s death, I saw Mr. Macrae drive through the grounds; my little girl called my attention to him; after getting out of the carriage, Macrae struck his wife several severe blows on the back with the thick end of the whip; I called out, “You brute! What are you at again?” Macrae then tore off his wife’s hat or bonnet, and he caught her by the dress and dragged her into the house, and I saw no more; there had been many quarrels between the Macraes; have heard the deceased cry out, “Leave me alone! Leave me alone!” Never saw any blows struck, only the one time mentioned; never could tell what Mr. Macrae said; he was always pretty drunk from ten days to a fortnight after I saw Macrae strike the deceased with the whip; I saw D. Mackelcan coming to see her; it is forty-seven yards from my front door to Macrae’s front door; have quarrelled with Macrae; the reason that he pulled my childrens’ ears; this was some time ago.
To a Juror – Mrs. Macrae did nothing but cry when she received the blows I saw; Mr. Macrae took her by the dress and dragged her into the house.
To another Juror – I heard as well as saw the blow with the butt of the whip; it was a kind of blow I should not liked to have had.
To Mr. Martin – I measured the distance from the gate today; nobody suggested it to me; I had a disagreement with Mr. Macrae about the locks; I did not threaten him with anything; I did what I told him; I shoved him out of the gate; I made no threats; I have only had two rows with him; I have never heard him quiet yet; e is not a quiet man by a long chalk; I am not very good at hearing; when he was speaking to me, he generally kept out of arm’s distance; I do think I was the noisier of the two; I do not know whether he was drunk; I never saw him sober; I could not say whether he was sober or not in the carriage the day he struck his wife; I never moved off my door step; I cannot tell whether he struck her before St. George’s Day or not; the horse was not taken away for half an hour; his man took it away eventually; I do not know whether the horse was tied or not; it stood there fully twenty-five minutes; I did not see whether any one met them at the door; the door was open; he pulled her in, shut the door, and the carriage remained outside; on the occasion I took the revolver from him I did not know it was unloaded; Mr. Macrae was drunk at the time.
HENRY CARSCALLEN, sworn – I am a barrister practising in this city; and was employed some time last November by the late Mrs. Macrae; she consulted me in a professional matter, which I do not think I am bound to disclose; it related in a manner to her relations with her husband, and as to changes in her relations with him; I decline to answer any confidential communications made to me as her solicitor; I know of nothing from her as to the immediate cause of death.
F.E. RITCHIE, sworn : I am a brother of the deceased, Mrs. J. O. Macrae, she was married in October, 1850, I think she has had five children; the youngest living child is about 10 years old, and the youngest, if living, would be about 8; during the last five years, the deceased and her husband have not lived very amicably; I know nothing at all of their relations during that time; Mr. J. O. Macrae and myself have not been friends; during that time, my sister has left her husband; last November, she left him and came to my house; she came there very much bruised and hurt for the purpose of obtaining protection from me against her husband; it was about seven in the evening when she came; she told me she had walked and ran; she was in an ordinary indoor dress, not one for a walk on the streets; she stayed with me from Saturday till Monday; I had some words with Mr. Macrae on the Sunday; he accused me of harbouring his wife, and I said I did and would do so while he treated her as he did; she went back on a note being written by her husband to herself; the last time I saw it was in her hand; she consulted Mr. Carscallen on the occasion before she received the note; she went back of her own accord; she was bruised on the face and head; they seemed like bruises inflicted by manual force; the injuries were apparently very severe; I know of no troubles between deceased and her husband till a little time before her death; prior to November, I knew of no specific act of ill treatment, owing to my not visiting the house.
To a Juror – I observed no cuts, but only bruises; the face was much swllen and very black.
Mr. Osler said he had no further witnesses to all.
The Coroner asked the jury if they wished to call any further witnesses.
After consideration, Mr. Osler said he proposed to call one more witness, viz. :
MARY KENNEDY, sworn – I have been living till last Thursday with Captain Roberts’ family; since then I have been home; I lived with Mr. John Macrae till the Saturday before Christmas as cook; I noticed quarrelling all the time between Mr. and Mrs. Macrae, with the exception of one night; I never saw any blow struck, but in November last I saw a wound from a pen knife, which had been inflicted in the side of the neck near the ear; the neck was swollen and her hand was cut, it looked like a stab; there was some thick blood on her collar and on her shoulder and cuff; there was a small but deep cut on the thumb; it was bleeding at the time I saw it; it was about ten at night or a little before when I saw it; it was on a Sunday evening in November; I do not know whether at the beginning or end; I heard quarrelling before I went out; I heard Mr. Macrae cursing and swearing at her; I heard oaths; I did not hear Mrs. Macrae say anything; I have heard Mr. Macrae use threats to his wife; I took her to her brother’s in November; she wanted to go in the afternoon; Annie Hand would not let her; prior to this he had said By God, I will kill you!” the words were spoken angrily; when Mr. Macrae came in, she came to me and asked me to save her; thought she was in danger of being killed; I opened the door and shoved her down our steps; Mr. Macrae was looking for her; I shoved her down the steps in order to prevent Mr. Macrae’s seeing her; she rapped on the outside, and I sent the washerwoman out to her; she said she wanted me; I went out and she asked me, for God’s sake, to take her to her brother’s; I took her; only had a scrubbing dress, and, I think, one shoe; this was on a Saturday; Dr. Mackelcan brought her back on the Monday; when she returned, there was a change in his treatment of her for one night; after that he continued to abuse her; he beat her on the Wednesday night after she came home; the towels in the room were full of blood; we heard the sound of the blows; Mrs. Macrae told me she was sorry that the taking of her away had not done her husband any good; about a week previous to my taking her away to her brother’s, er husband beat her so that she came to my room with two black eyes and blood in her hair and hair all torn; I hid her from her husband, and she slept with me for three different nights.
To the Coroner – At the time of the stab in the neck, Annie Hand asked me to wash the blood off the collars and stuff as she did not wish the washerwoman to see it, as she might talk.
To Mr. Martin – The stab was inflicted about two months after I came there; it was on a Sunday evening; she went to her brother’s the Saturday following; I saw no stab inflicted; from the mark, I know it to be a stab; I will swear to that; the mark was not quite so visible when I brought her to her brother’s; she was perfectly sober at the time; I never saw her intoxicated but once, when she acted a little strangely; I have never seen Mr. Macrae unable to walk or talk although I believe he was always more or less under the influence of liquor; when the quarrels occurred downstairs the nose was always bad enough to awaken us; if he was going to beat her, he would always shut the door; whenever he had a row, it was generally at the dinner table or in the library; Mr. Macrae was in the habit of speaking loudly; I heard cursing when the door was shut; when I was carrying dishes to the housemaid at dinner time, I have heard them quarrelling; Mr. Macrae was not always in the habit of speaking in a loud tone of voice; if he got in a passion, he would speak loud; when I took Mrs. Macrae to Mr. Ritchie, I thought she was sober.
To a juryman – I saw the mark of a stab on the neck; a short time before that, I heard before that, I heard Mr. Macrae threaten to kill her; about seven or eight hours before.
This concluded the evidence for the crown.
Mr. Martin said he understood no more witnesses would then be called.
Mr. Osler said certainly not, unless he had to call any evidence in rebuttal.
Mr. Martin said he proposed to call witnesses, but he could not do so tonight. Anytime which was suitable to the coroner, the jury and the Crown would be agreeable to him.
Mr. Osler said that he had hastened the case for the Crown as much as possible, as the defendant was in prison, and could not obtain bail. As he had finished, the onus of the delay was now on Mr. Martin, he had no objection to any length of delay.
The inquest was adjourned till 10 a.m. on Friday morning next.
          The inquest on the body of the late Mrs. J. O. Macrae was resumed Friday morning at 11 a.m., before Coroner White.
          Mr. Osler, Q.C., appeared for the Crown, and Mr. E. Martin, Q.C., watched the case for Mr. Macrae.
          The first witness called was
          THOMAS WILLIAMS, sworn – I am coachman to Mr. J. O. Macrae; I came there on the 4th of April, the day after Sarah Young came there; I had other duties besides that of coachman; I had to attend to the fires, boots, shoes, etc. ; I was in the habit of seeing Mr. and Mrs. Macrae daily up to the time Mrs. Macrae was taken sick; Mr. Macrae during that period was most of the time under the influence of liquor; Mrs. Macrae was in a similar condition; I was in the house in the morning and in the evening; I have heard quarrelling between Mr. and Mrs. Macrae in a loud and boisterous tone from both of them; when I say under the influence of liquor, I mean, seriously under the influence, and it was quite perceptible; they were intoxicated most of the time I was there up to Mrs. Macrae’s sickness; they were more under the influence of liquor in the afternoon than in the forenoon; I never saw Mr. Macrae strike his wife, or she him; I never heard either threaten one another with violence.
          To Mr. Osler – I would see Mrs. Macrae several times during the day, either in the kitchen or through the house,or in the library; I attended to all the fires; I very seldom got orders from Mrs. Macrae, except to on a message; I live at the house, in the west corner, away from the main part of the building; I could not exactly say how often during the day I would be in the house; it was frequently; I was there twenty days before she was taken sick; I saw a black eye when I went there on Mrs. Macrae; you may say she had two black eyes; one was more discoloured than the other; they appeared to get better while I was there; I cannot say I saw Mrs. Macrae everyday I was there; I saw her everyday except for a few days; she was able to give orders; I heard quarrelling of an evening when I was locking up the house; I never heard screams; the quarrels took place in the library, with the door shut; I could hear the sound and not the words; it was not nearly a daily occurrence – it was more like weekly; I heard it three or four times; all I heard was in the library and with the door shut; Mr. Macrae was usually able to give me orders, and was not staggering drunk except on a few occasions; on each occasion, before I heard the words, I had seen Mr. Macrae drunk a short time before and had noticed it; I noticed it because he gave me the orders three or four times over; I have seen him as drunk when he not quarrel with Mrs. Macrae; he did not quarrel with me and the other servants when he was drunk.
          O Mr. Martin - On the day of Mrs. Macrae’s death, Mr. Macrae sent out for Dr. George Mackelcan and his father; I drove Dr. George Mackelan up and then went back for his father; Mrs. Macrae was equally as intoxicated as Mr. Macrae during the quarrels.
          To a Juror – I heard no row between Mr. and Mrs. Macrae on the day of her death; I was there in the morning and between one and two in the afternoon; when Mr. Macrae sent me for the doctor he was under the influence of liquor; Mr. Macrae had a doctor attending him a day or so previous to Mrs. Macrae’s sickness; it was Dr. George Mackelcan; I do not know the cause of the sickness
          To another Juror – When Mr. Macrae gave me orders to go for a doctor, I was in the stable, and one of the girls came out and told me to go for a doctor; I went into the kitchen to put my boots on and saw Mr. Macrae, who gave me the orders I have before stated; he did not say whether the doctor was for himself or his wife; after Mrs. Macrae was taken sick, I saw Mr. Macrae frequently; he drank as much as ever after she took to her bed.
          JOHN PATTERSON, sworn : I am a tailor by trade; I lived with Mr. Macrae from the 22nd of September, 1874 till about the 7th of June, 1875; I was coachman and general man servant round the house; I had the knives boots, fires, windows, etc., to attend to in the house; I was in the habit of seeing Mr. and Mrs. Macrae daily except once; I have frequently seen both of them under the influence of liquor; I was requested a great many times by Mrs. Macrae to get her brandy.
          Mr. Osler objected and requested to know what Mr. Martin proposed to prove.
          Mr. Martin said he proposed to prove the exact cause of death.
          The Coroner allowed the evidence.
          Witness continued – I began to supply her in December, 1874; brought her five dozen of Hennessey’s quart bottles between that time and the time I left; the greater portion was supplied during the latter period; I gave it to Mrs. Macrae in the hall; she generally took it to the bath room; I have taken as many as two dozen empty bottles from there; Mr. Macrae was always much drunker on the day that Ms. Marae was so than on any other day; he was not aware I supplied the brandy to Mrs. Macrae; I have heard them quarrelling; I hav heard them both talking at first moderately and then increasing in noise; between December and June I have seen them both frequently under the influence of liquor, particularly during the latter part.
          To Mr. Osler – Have heard no blows or threats; I have seen Mrs. Macrae with black eyes once or twice; I cannot tell how long, as they staid so long black when she got them that I did not notice; I slept off the furnace room; the quarrelling generally went on in the library.
          To a juror – The bathroom is at the head of the stairs, and has trunks in it.
          To another juror – I cannot swear that Mrs. Macrae drank the five dozen of brandy herself; she was always worse when I brought the brandy to her.
          To Mr. Osler – I know the number of empty bottles I removed.
          To a Juror – Mr. Macrae could have got in the bathroom himself; I always removed the bottles when Mr. Macrae was out.
          To Mr. Martin -  never went unless to get the bottles; Mrs. Macrae sent me; I have brought two bottles in three days; at first, I only brought one a week; I would take the bottles away in a basket; it was in January or February, 1875, that I took the bottles away.
          To the Foreman – I commenced bringing brandy in December; I brought about four bottles a week.
          To a Juror – I would not swear whether Mr. Macrae drank the brandy or not with her.
          To another Juror – I left of my own accord, and had given warning other times, but had had my wages raised through Mrs. Macrae.
          To a Juror – I have seen Mrs. Macrae so drunk that she could not stand up; I have seen her lying on the sofa in the library, and tried to wake er, but could not; I cold tell the number of times I smelt liquor on Mrs. Macrae.
          DR. GEORGE MACKELCAN, recalled, was examined on his former oath : Since I gave my evidence before, I have attended the post mortem made by Drs. Macdonald, Mullin and Malloch, and have heard their evidence given in court; I saw nothing in the second examination to change my opinion as expressed in my previous examination respecting the cause of death; from the pretechnical spots I judged that the blood vessels were in a diseased state; during the last illness of Ms. Macrae, she vomited blood from the stomach on one, if not two, occasions; she also complained of excessive menstruation.
          Mr. Osler objected, and said if Mr. Martin produced any statements of Mrs. Macrae, he would produce all her statements, which, perhaps, Mr. Martin would not care for.
          Mr. Martin pressed the question, putting it to what the doctor observed.
          Witness continued – I observed the vomiting of blood; on the night Mrs. Macrae went to Mr. Ritchie I saw her, she was under the influence of liquor; I saw her on the Friday after her return; I was called to see her; she was laying on the bed, apparently asleep; I awoke her with great difficulty and found she was intoxicated; on the occasion of her last illness, I expressed an opinion to her husband that she was very seriously ill, and that it was impossible for her to recover; she might not live two or three weeks, but she might live two or three months, but not longer; I said this one more than one occasion, and I told Mrs. Macrae so; there is no doubt that intemperance produced disease of the liver, that disease, with continued intemperate habits, produced haemorrhage, which would tend to produce the clot in the brain which was the cause of death; deceased was of quick temper and liable to excitement; a fit of temper would increase the tendency to haemorrhage; during her last illness, I have seen Mr. Macrae give her nourishment; he did so in his ordinary manner, such as you would expect anyone to treat a sick person; in my opinion, if Dr. Macdonald’s evidence – saying that the clot must have been produced by a blow from some hard instrument, and not from a fist – is correct, I should expect to find external marks of violence; I agree with Dr. Macdonald that the gathering outside the skull had nothing to do with death; if a blow had been struck on the old blow, such as Dr. Macdonald describes, I should have expected to find a fresh effusion; if a blow as violent as Dr. Macdonald describes had been dealt to Mrs. Macrae a few hours before she died, I do not think one would have been able half an hour later after that to get up and walk; I would expect to find, in the great majority of cases, that a blow that produces a clot in the brain would leave outward traces; it is possible, but not probable, for there to be no mark; I was sent for about five o’clock on the day of Mrs. Macrae’s death.
          To Mr. Osler – The tendency to haemorrhage was very great, and very slight causes would produce very great effect; my theory corresponds with that of Drs. Mullin and Malloch in a great measure; I am of the opinion that the tendency to haemorrhage was so great that a blow of the fist could have possibly produced the clot internally; before examination, I thought deceased had died from effusion of some kind, compression of the brain, etc.; I had not made my mind up what to find when I made the pot mortem ; I will not say the clot was a surprise to me; in my former examination, I have said that before I made the examination, I thought death was caused by the diseased condition of the liver; I removed the clot when making the post mortem examination because it was usual; it was accidental that it was not replaced; I did not consider it necessary to take special care of this clot, the actual cause of death; I do not consider it as necessary as to preserve the contents of the stomach in a case of poisoning; it is a matter of very great surprise to me to hear of Mrs. Macrae’s getting out of bed, and going into the hall in the condition she was in by herself, as I heard she had to be assisted in and out of bed; I cannot say whether there was any unusual cause for it; I may have been mistaken as to her state; there must have been something unusual for her to do so, or some exciting cause; I do not know whether she was capable or not; the fact of her getting up would lead me to suppose that she was stronger than I thought.
          Question by Mr. Osler : Supposing Mrs. Macrae was in the condition you knew to be in immediately before her death, and that you were present and saw a severe blow struck with the fist on the side of the head, and that about half an hour afterwards insensibility set in, and death took place in the course of two or three hours, and that upon a post mortem examination you found recently effused blood on the brain corresponding to the location where the blow was given, would you say that the effects of the blow were the immediate cause of death?
          Answer : Yes; I would qualify this statement by saying a blow of that violence would stun, and I would ordinarily expect to see external evidence of the blow
          To Mr. Martin – When I arrived at the bedside of the deceased at 5 o’clock p.m. on the afternoon of her death, I did not see any recent marks of violence on her head; I observed no smell of liquor on her.
          To Mr. Osler – I saw no signs of opium taking as a habit.
          To Mr. Martin – Mrs. Macrae was a person of confirmed intemperate habits; I had seen her in a state of bordering on delerium tremens just before her last illness and at other times.
          To a juryman – I was sent for to attend Mrs. Macrae at her brother’s house; I found her excited and under the influence of stimulants; she had both eyes black; the injuries did not appear recent.
          The jury adjourned at 1:30 for one hour.

          The inquest was resumed at 2:45.
          DR JOHN MACKELCAN, recalled and examined on his former oath – I have been fifty years in practise next September, and had a large experience in dissecting while a student at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, Eng.; I have been in constant practice, and have attended Mr. Macrae’s family for the last five years; I was frequently in the habit of seeing Mr. and Mrs. Macrae during that time; I recollect attending Mrs. Macrae for a severe illness in July, 1875; she was ill from the 12th till the end of the month; the illness was produced by intemperance; it commenced with pains in her feet, and then I noticed the spots on her face; after that, she had all the symptoms of delirium tremens; to produce this, she must have drunk for some time; either my son or myself attended the family from that time; I first saw her in her last illness on the 23rd or 24th of April; she was then suffering from enlarged liver and dropsy; I attributed this to intemperance and high living; both would tell upon the liver; intemperance would affect it the most seriously; I went most of the days with my son to attend to Mrs. Macrae after the 24th of April; I first noticed the outside clot on Mrs. Macrae’s head on Monday, 1st of May; I saw her again the day before her death; when I first saw her on that day, he seemed brighter and better; I was leaning over her speaking to her, and I noticed she spoke thickly, and I thought she had more stimulant than had been ordered. Native wine had been ordered to be given her; I was present between five and six o’clock the day she died; particularly examined the condition of her eyes to see what was the cause of the coma; I did not remain until her death; I was at the first post mortem examination, and also apportion of the time when Drs. Macdonald, Malloch and Mullin held their examination; I witnessed the whole examination of the head; I saw no marks of violence on the head at the second examination, or at the former one, or on the day of her death; if the clot of blood inside had been caused by a blow from a hard instrument, I would have expected to have found external marks of violence; if it had been caued by a blow over the old spot, it would have left external marks of violence; in Ms. Macrae’s state of health, if she had been struck by a blow with an instrument such as Dr. Macdonald describes, she could not have walked to the door of the bathroom; she would have been stunned; on the second post mortem examination, I noticed a petechioe on the back; petechioe marks indicate a disease of the smaller vessels and a disorganised state of blood; it would affect all the smaller vessels of the body, either in the brain or stomach; I noticed in some fluid which was shown to me as having been vomited by deceased some dark streaks of blood; this would show a weak state of the vessels of the stomach; Mrs. Macrae was a woman of excitable temper; the immediate cause of her death was the pressure on the brain through extravasation of blood; this might have been produced in three ways, either spontaneously, by disease or by excitement from a fall or a blow; I anticipate haemorrhage would take place in some part of the body from the disease from which she was suffering; I expressed an opinion to this effect to Mr. Macrae some ten days before the deceased died; I told him distinctly from the beginning of her illness, there was no hope of recovery; I was not altogether unprepared to find haemorrhage n the brain causing death; I would sooner have expected serious effusion; some days before her death, my son spoke of coma coming on through the blood poisoning without either effusion I agreed with him; I have seen Mr. Macrae during the deceased last illness attending to her wants.
          To Mr. Osler – You would be more likely to find serious effusion as a result of the disease in this case than sanguineous effusion; a blow would not bring on serious effusion, but probably sanguineous; if there was evidence of a blow iven shortly before coma set in, I should think that, with the excitement caused by it, it would be the cause of death in the state deceased was in; there is a great difference in force between a blow struck on the head when it is supporting itself and when it is resting on something; a black eye remaining a long time would indicate a weak state of the blood vessels; deceased’s circulation was not strong; a bruise would appear more easily on a person I n her condition than on one in a healthy condition; the clot was not altogether a surprise to me; it is not possible to tell when a person dies in a state of coma what to expect; I agree with the other doctors that internal haemorrhage is possible from violence without external marks.
          To Mr. Martin – A blow from a hard instrument would produce a mark, and a person in deceased’s condition would be peculiarly liable to show a mark.
          DR. KITTSON was called and gave evidence corroborative of DR. Mackelcan’s.
          The Coroner, in charging the Jury said :
          MR. FOREMAN AND GENTLEMEN – We have come to the end of a very long and painful investigation – one the like of which I have never been called upon to hold, and hope I shall never be called on to hold again. I have to thank you for your careful attention to the evidence of the different witnesses, and think that, from that attention, it will not be necessary for me to say much to you about the evidence, as it would only take up unnecessary time, and you already have lost enough of that, I am sure. It is conclusively proved, in my opinion, from the evidence, that the immediate cause of death was the clot on the brain. The medical evidence shows that this clot might have been caused either by violence or disease, and the evidence of Dr. Macdonald goes to show that, in his opinion, it was occasioned by violence. In my opinion, by the evidence of Ada Macrae, a blow is shewn to have been struck shortly before insensibility set in, by the accused, and the appearance of the body shows that a great deal of violence had been used to the deceased, not only by the external bruises and marks, but by the evidence of the medical men who made a post mortem examination on the body. I refer more especially to the amount of violence and to the bruises on the chest. If you believe the evidence of Ann Foster and Emma Hatchard, it shows plainly that the deceased was being subjected to a systematic course of ill treatment by the accused, that murderous attacks had been made frequently on her, and that threats of murder were frequently made. If you believe this evidence, it appears to me that it is clear evidence of malice; and, taking  it in connection with the medical evidence, it points very strongly to the death of the deceased being caused by violence at the hands of the accused. If the jury find that the deceased came to her death at the hands of the accused, and that there was malice, the verdict should be one of wilful murder - if without malice, manslaughter. I will now leave you, gentlemen to bring in the verdict according to your discretion. If you wish any of the evidence read over to you, I shall be happy to do so. I would remind you that twelve jurors must agree before a verdict can be given.
          The Court was cleared at five o’clock, and at 11:30, the jury brought in the following
                             VERDICT :
          That the said Victoria St. George Mcrae came to her death from the effects of injuries inflicted on her by her husband, John Octavius Macrae.
          The above verdict was concurred in by 12 of the 16 jurors. “

          Other stories of note in the Thursday included the shutting down of an illegal whiskey manufacturing operation:
          For some time past, the indefatigable Collector of Inland Revenue has been watching suspicious proceedings in the west end of the city, which culminated Thursday night in the seizure of a still and worm; these, for some time past,  appear to have been in active use in the manufacture of whiskey. They were found by Colonel Patton and officer John Stewart in the cellar of one Howard, who keeps a butcher shop at the corner of Napier and Ray streets. Some fifteen gallons of “Oh, be joyful !” found on the premises were also seized. The mash tub, which could not be removed, was destroyed, and the still and worm were brought to the Inland Revenue office. Howard was arrested and subsequently admitted to bail.”
          A reporter with the Times was one of several        newspaper representatives who were invited to inspect the new Dundas Gas Works operation:
       On Tuesday evening by invitation, the members of the city press visited the Dundas Works. The machinery is now completed, and the gas made is giving every satisfaction to the consumers who find it not only cheap but very clear and bright. The works are perfect in their way, and are superintended by Mr. Stamford, of the Montreal Gaslighting Company. They have now nearly two miles of pipe in use, and near one hundred consumers. The machinery is so simple that it can be worked by one man, who can make enough gas in a few hours to do the town for days.”
          The Times also announced the regulations applicable to bass fishing in Burlington Bay and Coote’s Paradise:
       Those who recently been taking bass from the Bay should remember that the close season for these fish commenced on the 15th inst., and will terminate on the 18th day of June next. During this close season, no person can fish for, catch, buy, sell or have bass of any kind in their possession – so that even angling for bass is not allowed nor permitted, and netting for them is prohibited. The law includes all different species, to wit : Black bass, green bass, rock bass, white bass, speckled bass, and the Genesee bass. Persons will do well to obey the provision of the law.”

Wednesday 30 May 2012

May 31, 1876

“It is many years since the sand flies have been so numerous at the Beach and along the Bay. They are commencing to disappear, and will soon give way to mosquitos.”
          Hamilton Spectator     May 31, 1876
It was a sure sign that spring was well underway and summer was coming on soon. Sandflies were making life miserable down along the Beach Strip, with the appearance of mosquitoes soon to follow.
At least two fellows didn’t let the sand fly problem interfere with their day at the Beach:
“Mr. Reginald and Mr. Alexander Gourlay yesterday, at the Beach, succeeded between 7 a.m. and 4 p.m., in bagging 86 plover.”

Back in the city, the Hamilton boys of summer, the Standards Baseball team, were about to play an exhibition game against a crack squad from the Forest City, the Tecumsehs:
“On Friday afternoon, the plucky champion base ballists of this city – the Standards – will play the Tecumsehs of London on the Palace grounds. It is hardly expected that the Standards will come off victorious, as they are matched against a club of long standing, and one which beat the Maple Leafs, of Guelph, on the Queen’s Birthday. However, the Standards will make it hot for their opponents, as their practice games are very good. The match commences at 3 o’clock. The admission price is 25 cts”.

The immediate Hamilton area had new pleasure resort destinations around the bay opened in early 1876. One older resort the grounds and hotel at Rock Bay had been eclipsed, but the Spectator made a plea for its continued place as an area were Hamiltonians could escape from city life:
“ Every dog must have its day and so it is with a place of resort. Rock Bay, once the favourite retreat of our cousins, has now given way to larger and more fashionable grounds at the Beach and Wellington Square. The name is omitted from the places at which the pleasure steamers touch, and boatmen tell us that but few row boats or yachts are hired for that point. Still the grounds are quite as beautiful as before, and will be found a delightful retreat for quiet picnic parties.”

The same issue of the Spectator, appearing on May 31, 1876 contained a good example of the kind of city living problems that would readily prompt a trip across the bay to a place with fresh air and quiet:
“Charles street should be watered for the sake of the people residing or doing business on King street between Park and Macnab. Charles street terminates on the south side of King street, and the clouds of dust blown off Charles street are dashed against the opposite houses on King, and diverted up and down the street. Citizens in that neighbourhood complain bitterly of this and ask the Corporation to have the street watered through the summer.”
Another hassle of city living was also noted in that same issue:
“Some one, wishing to get rid of his superfluous shrubbery, has cut down two large bushy spruce and thrown them into Maiden Lane near Wellington street. They are a nuisance, especially at night when spirited horses are apt to take fright at them. A number of runways have already occurred, and the Board of Works should see that they are removed else serious accidents may happen.”
A store owner on Macnab street had just introduced for sale a new item which might be just the thing for those suffering from the stresses of the noisy, dusty city of Hamilton at the end of May, 1876:
“The Bordeaux Head Bath  is a new invention by which the head is treated to a violent shower bath. It is very healthy and refreshing, and it is meant for those who suffer from headaches or lack of sleep. It is better than a “horn” to a man in the morning who wants to be thoroughly wakened up. One of them has been placed in Breimer’s store, Macnab street, a few doors below King, for trial, where it can be seen by parties wishing to use it.”